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Health Bulletins
July, 2011

Alzheimer’s Disease


By: Dr. Mutaz Abdelahdi

Head of Pre-Approvals Section

First Insurance Company


Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia among older people. Dementia is a brain disorder that seriously affects a person’s ability to carry out daily activities, and was named after Dr. Alois Alzheimer who discovered the disease in 1906.


AD begins slowly; it first involves the parts of the brain that control thought, memory and language. People with AD may have trouble remembering things that happened recently or names of people they know. Over time, AD symptoms get worse; people may not recognize family members or have trouble speaking, reading or writing. They may forget how to brush their teeth or comb their hair. Later on, they may become anxious or aggressive, or wander away from home, and eventually, they may need total care.


Risk Factors



Other risk factors that are not as well proven include: longstanding high blood pressure, history of head trauma, and female gender No treatment has been found to cure AD yet, but certain medications are available to control symptom progression for a limited time.


Test Your Football Knowledge


Feeling confident about your football knowledge? Try solving the quiz below and test your knowledge around the game of football.


1. Which country has been twice runner up in the World Cup in 1974 & 1978?


2. Which country won the World Cup in 1966?


3. Which country won the World Cup in 1998?


4. Which country won the World Cup twice in 1930 & 1950?


5. Which two years were the World Cup final winners decided on a penalty

shoot out?


6. The 2002 World Cup was held at?


7. The only South American Nation to twice host the World Cup in 1970 & 1976 is?

Mental Health Awareness Month


This month, doctors, counselors, and families of those with mental illness work together to raise awareness of known mental disorders. This includes everything from addiction, anxiety, and autism, to depression, eating disorders, and many other conditions.


Mental health issues are treatable, and without treatment the consequences of mental illness for the individual and society can create unnecessary disability, unemployment, homelessness, and even suicide. The economic cost of untreated mental illness is more than 100 billion dollars each year in the United States and it is estimated that 1 in 17 people in the US have a diagnosable and serious mental disorder.


If you would like to get involved in Mental Health Awareness Month, here’s how you can help:

Learn about the mental health issues that face people: Know the markers of depression and anxiety, and the warning signs of suicide. Let your loved ones know that you are there for them if you think they are at risk.

Volunteer at a homeless shelter: The homeless population suffers from higher rates of mental illness than the general population does. Unfortunately, many people living on the streets cannot receive proper diagnosis or treatment.


We should take very good care of our mental health. At the same time, if one suffers from some kind of mental health disorder, one should not shy away from taking suitable treatment; mental health disorders are definitely curable.

Alzheimer’s Facts


Because the aging process begins the moment a person is born, some complications like Alzheimer’s can accompany this process. However, there are steps everyone should take to decrease the chances of developing this condition in order to attain healthy longevity.


Risk Factors


There are a few interesting theories about the cause of Alzheimer’s disease, but there are no absolute risk factors. However, statistics

show that age, family history and genetics can give some explanations.




The symptoms include impaired learning, lack of reasoning power, inability to retain new information, trouble performing complex tasks and lack of orientation. Often, Alzheimer’s is confused with other conditions that mimic it like depression, brain tumors, hypothyroidism, and malnutrition.




First, regular mental and physical activities contribute to increase the number of connections needed for normal mental function. Second, the more schooling you have, the greater are your chances against Alzheimer’s. Third, it is important to reduce your level of stress as much as possible. Fourth, there is an important correlation between the consumption of total fat and the incidence of Alzheimer’s. Therefore, people should eat more fish because of the protective effect of Omega-3. Finally, estrogen replacement therapy for women of seventy years of age and older could be beneficial.

Take action now and reduce your chances of getting Alzheimer’s by following the above simple steps.

Signs of Depression


We often read a lot about what depression is and what causes it, but we fail to study the symptoms of depression. Handling depression is not easy and it can hit a person at anytime due to reasons ranging from peer pressure to unsatisfied romantic life. Mild depression is very common today and is experienced by a lot of people. Here are some signs of depression in men and women:


Signs of Depression in Men


Men seldom show the usual common signs and symptoms of depression such as crying. They fall prey to the cultural image they have and keep their feelings and problems wrapped under a blanket. Men suffering from depression do this more often than other men. On the other hand, due to suppression of feelings they become more aggressive and irritated. Men also tend to take up activities that can provide them with an adrenaline rush so they feel they can take on risks easily; this may also result in a complete nervous breakdown.


Signs of Depression in Women


Depression can usually be seen earlier in women than men because women show or share their feelings more openly than men do. Women have major mood swings when they are depressed, since in women, depression can be caused due to biological factors like pregnancy. For women, insomnia and depression always go hand in hand. Physical changes in women as signs of depression are usually either sudden gain or reduction in weight.


Check for these warning signs of depression and get a physician’s consult as soon as possible, if you think you are suffering from any of them.


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